The US State Department has approved the sale of 12 military transport planes to Egypt, in a deal worth more than $2bn (£1.4bn).
Air defence radar systems and other related equipment are also being sold for another $300m.
The arms sales come despite recent criticism from the US President Joe Biden's administration of Egypt's human rights record.
In September, Washington placed on hold $130m in military aid already budgeted for Egypt.
Officials cited Cairo's failure to improve the rights situation.